- Issue Time
- Dec 21,2022
Printed circuit boards can go wrong in a number of different ways. So, how to fix the PCB board? How to repair the PCB board, the following article will answer for you.
What can be done with a damaged PCB? Printed circuit boards can go wrong in a number of different ways. So, how to fix the PCB board? The key is knowing how to perform PCB repairs, whether it's a simple short circuit or something more serious like PCB delamination.
How to Repair a Circuit Board?
There are several different ways to perform PCB repair, and the exact method will vary depending on the problem. However, there are some general steps you can follow for most repairs.
First, you need to identify what the problem is. You can do this by visually inspecting the PCB for any damage or using a multimeter to test the continuity of the circuit. After you identify your problem, you need to determine the best way to solve it.
Here are the steps to repair the board:
1. Gather the Tools and Other Materials You Will Need
Before starting repairs, all required materials and tools must be gathered. This will help smooth the process and avoid any delays. For most repairs, you will need:
- Cotton swabs and rubbing alcohol
- Heat gun
- Flathead screwdriver or sharp knife or sandpaper
- Self-adhesive copper tape
- Welding torch
- Paper clip
- Fountain pen
- Scissors or utility knife
Once you have all your materials ready, you can begin the restoration process.
2. Remove Damaged Pads or Components
The first step in most repairs is to remove the damaged pad or component. to do this:
- Before desoldering any remaining connectors, use a flathead screwdriver or sharp knife to remove the assembly from the PCB.
- If the pads are damaged, use sandpaper to remove excess solder or debris.
3. Clean the Track and Remove the Solder
After removing damaged components or pads, you will need to clean the tracks. This will help ensure that new components or pads adhere properly and make a good connection.
- Use a cotton swab dampened with rubbing alcohol to remove any residue from the track.
-Use a craft knife or scissors to carefully remove any damaged parts of the track.
- Mark the end of the cut track with a pen to know where to place new components or pads.
4. Put the Copper Tape on the Track
After the track is cleaned, you need to put the copper tape on top of the track. This will help provide a good connection for new components or pads. Cut a length of copper tape slightly longer than the track and place it on the track. Make sure the end of the tape is flush with the edge of the PCB.
5. Welded Joints
Once the copper tape is in place, you need to solder the joints. This will help create a permanent connection between the new track and the pads on either side of it. to do this:
- Put a small amount of solder on one of the pads and heat it with a soldering torch until the solder melts.
- Touch the tip of the soldering gun to the copper tape and hold it in place until the solder cools and forms a bond.
- Repeat the process on the other pad.
6. Recover PCB Vias
If your repair includes a through-the-hole, it will need to be repaired before the new component can be soldered in place. First, use a sharp knife to remove debris from the via, then clean with a cotton swab dampened with rubbing alcohol. Next, use a paper clip to enlarge the hole to be the same size as the component lead.
7. Place and Solder Your Components
Now that the track is repaired, you can place and solder the new components in place. First, carefully insert the leads of the new component into the through-holes, then flip the PCB over.
Next, apply a small amount of solder to one of the pads and heat it with a soldering torch until the solder melts. Then, touch the tip of the soldering torch to the lead and hold it in place until the solder cools and forms a bond. Repeat this process on the other pad.
8. Trim Excess Tape from Repaired Area
Once the new component is in place, you can trim away the excess tape from the repair area. Use scissors or a utility knife to carefully remove the excess tape. Make sure you don't cut any tracks or pads.
Repair PCB Board Problems by Yourself
We should note that any attempt to repair a PCB board by yourself will eventually reduce the reliability of the board. Every time a PCB board is reworked, the rework attempt (and its heating and cooling cycles) limits the life of what you are trying to fix. After fixing the PCB board, be sure to check the reliability and condition of the device.
What else Do You Need Besides Tools?
To complete PCB repair, you need more than tools. You need to be able to handle small parts, have hand-eye coordination, and pay attention to detail. Repairing circuit boards can be a delicate job, so having a steady hand and the ability to focus on the task at hand is essential. With practice, you'll be able to perform PCB repairs quickly and easily.
That's everything you need to know about how to repair PCB boards. PCB repair can be delicate and challenging, but with the right tools and a little practice, you'll be able to repair most circuit boards. If you need to buy a new PCB board, welcome to contact us.
Singo is a professional custom PCB board manufacturer. Our company has specialized in electronic PCB assembly. Since 2006, it has been mainly engaged in PCB assembly and OEM/ODM electronic manufacturing services. The products involve home appliances, digital products, industrial control, medical equipment, etc. After years of hard work, we have established long-term cooperative relationships with some internationally renowned companies.